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Calidad Revistas Científicas Españolas
VOL.
32(1)/
2019
Author / Estrella GUALDA Universidad de Huelva
Author / José RÚAS Universidad de Vigo
More authors:  1 2
Article / Conspiracy theories, credibility and trust in information

Abstract /

The rapid spread of social media on the Internet has resulted in strong changes in the information and communication landscape. Their inadequate use has given rise to new discussions on truth and post-truth, what is trustworthy and what is questionable, the credibility of messages and their sources. Through this article we aim to examine what citizens believe about the information they receive and if they feel whether or not there is withholding of information. This will be achieved through data obtained from a survey of a statistically representative sample of the Andalusian population over the age of 18 (1,103 respondents, with a maximum margin of error of +/- 3%). One of the main results of this research is the serious lack of credibility of the information received, as many Andalusians (68.1%) believe that information is withheld from them. We have also observed several factors explaining a greater likelihood of finding a high belief in the conspiracy theory on the withholding of information. Finally, the article reflects on the consequences of mistrust in information and we propose an inter- and transdisciplinary approach in order to counteract this mistrust.

Keywords /

Credibility, trustworthiness, disinformation, conspiracy theories, post-truth.

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