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Calidad Revistas Científicas Españolas
STYLE GUIDELINES OF COMMUNICATION & SOCIETY

1. General Rules /


1.1. Manuscripts must be between 6,000-9,000 words in length, references and tables included, and will follow APA guidelines except for minor details that are noted in these rules.

 

1.2. The article must include the following information:

- Title, in lowercase, in Times New Roman 14. Maximum length: 20 words. It should be clear and concise.

- Abstract (200-250 words) in round bold type with font size 12. It should include a summary of the main results and conclusions and the methodology used.

- 5 to 7 key words separated by commas, in round bold type with font size 12.

- Manuscript. Maximum length: between 6,000-9,000 words.

 

1.3. Body of the manuscript

- In Times New Roman 12, single space, left aligned.

- Insert blank lines before and after headings and subheadings.

- No blank lines between paragraphs.

- Within the text, paragraphs are indented 1 cm from the left margin.

 

1.4. No more than one article by the same author or co-author will be published in a period of one year and a half, i.e., six issues of the journal.

 

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2. Headings /


2.1. Headings must be numbered and written in bold, with no indentation. Subheading titles must be numbered and written in italics, also with no indentation.

 

Example:

 

1. First level heading

1.1. Second level heading

1.1.1. Third level heading

1.1.2. Third level heading

1.2. Second level heading

2.

2.1.

2.1.1.etc.


2.2. Titles, headings and subheadings must not have a full stop at the end.

 

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3. Quotations /


3.1. All textual citations, except for the cases mentioned below in the footnotes section, should be made in-text. Give the author, year, and page numbers if possible, inside parenthesis and separated by a comma. If there is not a direct quote, you should simply indicate the last name(s) of the author(s) and the year of publication.


3.2. When including explicit quotations signaled by quotation marks, double quotation marks must be used (" ") and, within them, single quotation marks or inverted commas (' ').


3.3. When an unnecessary passage is eliminated from a quotation, to indicate this suppression, suspension points must be used between square brackets.

Example: "In a village of La Mancha […], there lived not long since… ".


3.4. Any changes, additions or handling interpolations in quoted material must be placed in square brackets.

Example: "The story [historia, in Spanish] reflects the events in an ideal order".


3.5. Quotations more than four lines long should be indented 1,25 cm without using quotations marks and written in Times New Roman 11.

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4. Footnotes /


4.1. Footnotes should be used sparingly as an exception, e.g. for newspaper articles, interviews, sources such as archives and websites, and other similar cases.

 

4.2. Notes should follow a consecutive numbering scheme for the entire article and be written at the bottom of the page.

 

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5. Bibliographical References /


5.1. At the end of the manuscript, a list of all references used must appear under the heading "References".

 

5.2. It must be presented in alphabetical order by author or editor. Different works by the same author must be included in chronological order, from earliest to most recent.

 

5.3. Italicize titles of longer works such as books and journals. Do not italicize, underline, or put quotes around the titles of shorter works such as journal articles or essays in edited collections.

 

5.4. All lines after the first line of each entry should be indented one-half inch from the left margin (hanging indentation).


Examples:

Book:
Schudson, M. (2008). Why democracies need an unlovable press. Maiden, MA: Polity.
    Hallin, D.C. & Mancini, P. (2004). Comparing media systems. Three models of media and politics. Cambridge:
    Cambridge University Press.


Book editor:
Voltmer K. (Ed.) (2006). Mass media and political communication in new democracies.
     London, New York: Routledge.

Book editors:
Simonson, P., Peck, J., Craig. R.T. & Jackson Jr. J.P. (Eds.) (2013). Handbook of communication history.
     New York: Routledge.

Book chapter:
Kuutti, H., Lauk, E., Nevalainen, P. & Sokka, R. (2012). Finnish media policy: less restrictive, more directive.
     In E. Psychogiopoulou (Ed.), Understanding media policies. A European perspective (pp. 100-115).
     Houndsmills, Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan.

Journal article with single author:
Christians, C.G. (1998). The philosophy of technology. Globalization and ethical universals.
     Journalism Studies 12
(6), 727-737.

Journal article with two authors:
Hutchins, B., Rowe, D. (2009). From broadcast scarcity to digital plenitude: The changing
     dynamics of the media sports content economy. Television & New Media 10(4), 354-370.

Journal article with three or more authors:
Cantrell, T., Harp, D. & Bachmann, I. (2009). Framing ideology: How Time magazine represents
     nationalism and identities through visual reporting. Communication & Society 26(3), 1-20.

Article in the Internet:
Harris, R. (2010, November 22). Evaluating Internet research sources.
     Retrieved from http://www.virtualsalt.com/evalu8it.htm

 

5.5. Names of publishing houses should be abbreviated. Please omit: Publishers, Inc., Plc., etc.

5.6. The names of the cities in which the publishing houses are based should be indicated in the language in which they appear in the work itself.

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6. Font Styles /


6.1. The following should be written in italics:

 

- The titles of books, journals and newspapers

- Foreign words or terms

- Latin words or phrases not included in dictionaries.

- Headings and subheadings. The numbering, however, must be in round type

 

6.2. The names of institutions should not be written in italics, even when they are not English.

 

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7. Reviews /


7.1. Reviews should have a maximum length of 1,000 words.
Only reviews written in English on books published in English are welcomed.

 

7.2. The following information is needed: author (name in lowercase, surname in uppercase); title of the work in the original language and in italics; publisher, place, year and number of pages.

 

Examples:

Jesse WALKER
Rebels on the air: an alternative history of radio in America
New York University Press, New York, 2004, 326 pp.

Timothy COOMBS and Sherry J. HOLLADAY (Eds.)
The handbook of crisis communication
Wiley-Blackwell, Chichester, UK, 2012, 737 pp.

 

7.3. Note the page number of any quotation from the book in brackets after the quotation (p. 45).

 

7.4. In the case of reviews of books written in other language than English, quotations must be translated into English and placed in quotation marks, followed by the page number from which the quotation has been taken, written in brackets.

 

7.5. In the main body of the review, bibliographical references to other works must be written in brackets, detailing the following elements, in this order and separated by commas: author (if not the same as the author of the reviewed book), full title of the work, publishers' name, place and year of publication.

 

Examples:


In his new book, Alfonso Nieto expands on the concepts outlined in his classic study of Spanish press from a business perspective (La empresa periodística en España, Eunsa, Pamplona, 1973).

or

This book contains a constant presence of ideas from the author's great master (see Luka Brajnovic, Deontología periodística, Eunsa, Pamplona, 1978).

References to the author of the book cited within the text must comply with the general rules, in other words, name and surname in lowercase.


7.6. At the foot of the text, the reviewer's name and surname must be written along with his/her email.

 

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