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Resolution on Human Rights and Scientific Progress in the Fields of Biology, Medicine and Biochemistry


Creación: Conferencia de Ministros del Consejo de Europa
Fuente: Consejo de Europa
Lengua original: Inglés y francés.
Copyright del original: No
Traducción castellana: No
Comprobado el 20 de abril de 2003
Fecha: 19 y 20 de marzo de 1985

 


Resolution on Human Rights and Scientific Progress in the Fields of Biology, Medicine and Biochemistry

The Ministers taking part in the European Ministerial Conference on Human Rights, held in Vienna on 19 and 20 March 1985;

Having examined the report submitted by the French delegation on the "protection of human beings and their physical and intellectual integrity in the context of the progress being made in the fields of biology, medicine and biochemistry", as well as the contributions made by other delegations;

Considering that recent developments in the fields of biology, medicine and biochemistry concerning notably techniques of artificial human procreation, tests on human beings, genetic diagnosis, organ transplantation, modification of the genetic heritage and treatment of mental illness, are capable of bringing definite benefits for mankind but may also involve risks for the rights and freedoms of individuals and for society as a whole;

Convinced of the need to evaluate such developments in particular from the standpoint of the protection and promotion of human rights and fundamental freedoms;

Reaffirming in this regard the essential importance of the principle of human dignity;

Reiterating their devotion to the spiritual and moral values which are the common heritage of the people of their countries;

Emphasising the desirability of an international approach to the issues involved, whilst taking into account the specific situation of each country;

Note that there is a growing awareness in different disciples of the important human rights issues raised by recent developments in the fields of biology, medicine and biochemistry;

Welcome the results already achieved and the work in progress within the Council of Europe and its member States, concerning the ethnical and legal problems associated with the above-mentioned developments;

Consider that, faced with these developments, it is important in future work to bear in mind the relevant provisions of the European Convention on Human Rights;

Consider furthermore that thought should be given to the possible recognition, content and conditions of application of certain principles in the fields covered by the report of the French delegation, which deals in particular with procreation, knowledge of one's biological origins, freedom over one's own body and respect for one's genetic make-up;

Recommend that the Council of Europe become the European focal point for work at national level in the areas covered by this Resolution and, in particular:

a) a clearing-house for relevant information, opinions and proposals;

b) a forum for discussion and, if appropriate, joint action at international level;

Recommend that the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe, having regard to the above considerations, takes appropriate action to intensify the Council's work in relation to the problems posed, in particular from the standpoint of human rights, both at international level and in the context of national practices and legislation, by progress in the fields of biology, medicine and biochemistry.


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